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GRECIA
Guía de lugares para viajar

    Crete

Ancla 1

It is the largest island in  Greece  and the fifth largest  Mediterranean Sea and is one of the seven  decentralized administrations  from Greece. Its capital is  Heraklion . Until the beginning of  twentieth century  It was also known by the name of Candía, which was applied to it by the Italian sailors and merchants of the  Middle Ages . It was formerly the center of the  Minoan civilization  ( 2700 - 1420 BC ), considered one of the oldest civilizations of which there are records in  Europe .

creta

How to get to Crete

Plane: To get to Crete, like most of the Greek islands, the best option is undoubtedly the plane. In fact, the island of Crete has three major airports, two international and one domestic: the Nikos Kazantzakis International Airport in Heraklion (HER), the Ioannis Daskalogiannis International Airport in Chania (CHQ) and the small Sitia National Airport (JSH). Crete can be reached with direct flights from the main European cities, even with low cost airlines. only at the two international airports.

Boat: You can take a ferry from Piraeus, the port of Athens, to Crete. Shipping companies reach Kissamos, Souda (port of Chania), Rethymno, Agios Nikolaos and Sitia with connections that, in high season, reach the frequency of several daily trips. The trip takes 9-10 hours with fast ships, 18-22 hours with slower ferries. Crete is connected to other Aegean islands with various companies.

How to get there from  airports 

Public transport:  It is a safe, cheap and reasonably punctual service that can be booked via the web or by phone. There are  bus stations in the cities of Agios Nikolaos, Rethymno and Chania while  Heraklion's main station, called “station A”, is located in San Koundouritio. The “B” is located near the Hania Porta station on the western side of the city center.

Taxi: they are still quite cheap in Greece; its price is around €1 per km. However, it is important to set the price in advance. There is a small surcharge at the port and airport terminals, as well as on some holidays (Christmas, Easter).

How to get around in Crete 

Bus: Greece has a national service called KTEL. It is a safe, cheap and reasonably punctual service that can be booked via the web or by phone.

Car, motorcycle or moped:  rental prices vary according to the type of vehicle, the duration of the rental and the season of the year. Compared to rental prices in other European countries, renting a car in Greece is not very cheap

What to see in Crete

Crete  It is the largest of all the Greek Islands and is divided into four regions:  chania,  Rethymnon,  Heraklion  and  Lassithi.

chania

Also known as Chania, it is one of the most interesting and beautiful cities in Crete. Located on the ancient settlement of Kydonia, it was inhabited since Neolithic times and after the destruction of Knossos it became the nerve center of the island of Crete.

If something stands out in the port, it is the Mosque of the Janissaries, the oldest Ottoman building in Crete, built in 1645 and which ceased to function as a mosque almost a century ago.

With the arrival of the Arabs, the city experienced a period of decline, but with the arrival of the Venetians,  it flourished and became the “Venice of the East”.

chania
CRETA CHANIA

Heraklion

The capital of the island is an almost obligatory place to see in Crete. The places  more interesting are  the Koules fortress that surrounds the port that was built in the 13th century, after the Venetians conquered the city. and for centuries it has fulfilled various functions: from storing food to recruiting prisoners; Agios Minas Cathedral, cathedral of the Orthodox Church of Constantinople  seat of the Archbishop of Crete and  one of the largest cathedrals in Greece, with a capacity to hold 8,000 faithful; the Fountain of the Lions (or Morosini Fountain), is the heart of the historic center of Heraklion. It is more than 400 years old and, in addition to its magnificent lions typical of Venetian art, it exhibits scenes from Greek mythology on its lower part.

heraklion-castillo
Agios_Minas_Cathedral

The Minoan Palace of Knossos

About 5 kilometers from Heraklion you can see the remains of the palace of Knossos. Built around 2000 BC, it was the political and cultural center of the Minoan civilization. It is the oldest city in Europe; in its heyday it had up to 100,000 inhabitants; its ruins  They were discovered in 1878.  It was rebuilt after an earthquake and with the eruption of the Santorini volcano in 1450 BC came its final destruction.

estancias-del-laberinto-de-knossos

Archeological Museum

It is one of the most interesting museums in Greece  It is located in the historic center of Heraklion . Its impressive contents are finds from the Cretan Minoan period, coming from the many important cities and palaces of Crete. The oldest pieces it houses date back more than 5,500 years and range from the Neolithic to Roman and Byzantine times. Some of its pieces are priceless and  they contain mysteries not yet revealed, such as the famous clay disc of Phaistos. all your objects  They make it easier for us to understand everything we can see in the archaeological sites of the island.

disco  de festos
museo
museo

The Minoan Palace of Phaistos

Also called  Phaistos  it is 55 kilometers south of the city of Heraklion , in the Messara plain.  Here  the mysterious Phaistos disc was discovered in 1908, a clay disc with inscriptions on both sides and it is in the museum mentioned above. It is one of the biggest mysteries in archaeology, as its origin and purpose have yet to be discovered.

palacio minoico

Agios Nikolaos

City located at one end of the deep Gulf of Mirabelou just 65 km from Heraklion. It was built on the ancient city of Lato, which became very important in the 3rd century BC, even minting its own currency. It is currently a very active tourist center due to  its lively atmosphere,  the picturesque physiognomy of the port and the city,  its excellent beaches and  the high quality of its tourist facilities A beautiful lake, Lake Voulismeni, occupies the center of the city and is linked to the sea by a canal built in 1870 to the port.  In its  As well as along the port, there are cafes and restaurants that make this place one of the liveliest places in the city.

agios-nikolaos
Agios-Nikolaos

Rethymnon

Between the big cities of Heraklion and Chania is Rethymnon, the third largest city in Crete. Although it is usually in the background at a tourist level, its historic center is beautiful: it has stone buildings, flowers hanging from the facades and Venetian patios. Luckily it has never suffered any natural disaster and is one of the best preserved on the island. The atmosphere is very lively thanks to the shops and restaurants that stay open late in summer. The most photographed point of the city is the Rimondi fountain, built in 1626 in the heart of Rethymnon and  his Venetian fortress.

calle-tesalonica-rethymnon
retimon

Arkady's monastery

Is close to  Rethymnon being  one of the places with more history to see in Crete since  It has been a spiritual, religious and scientific center for almost eight centuries. It is an important space for memory, and even today it is part of the memory of Cretan independence from the Ottomans. Its Venetian church, located in the central courtyard, is a beauty. It can be reached by bus from Rethymnon.

creta-monasterio-arkadi

Gortyn

Located 45 kilometers from the city of Heraklion  with a history that has remained intact for more than 6,000 years and one of the largest archaeological sites in Greece. It preserves ruins from the Neolithic, the Minoan era and the later Roman era when the city was booming, being the center of power in Crete. The most interesting place  they are the remains of the basilica of Agios Titos built in the 7th century following the Byzantine style.

gortina-gortis-gortys

Zeus' cave

Also known as Dikteon Antron, in addition to its impressive stalactites and stalagmites  Near the village of Psychro on the Dikti mountain, east of Crete, on the Lassithi plateau, is this cave where, according to Greek mythology, the Titaness Rhea gave birth to Zeus. For this reason, the cave has been famous since ancient times and a place of worship for this great Greek God, as shown by the numerous offerings found in the place.

Cueva-de-Dikteon

Lasithi Mills

The small towns that occupy the area are surrounded by hundreds of traditional windmills with white blades. In the last century, the force of the wind was used as a motor for crop irrigation systems. Now new techniques have made them obsolete, but the Lasithi wind farm with thousands of windmills was the largest in the world.

molinos-de lasithi

loutro

It is located on the southern coast of Crete, at the foot of the Sfakia mountains.  Located between Agia Roumeli and Chora Sfakion , this remote village is only accessible by a small path and in 20 minutes by ferry from neighboring Sfakia. In ancient times it was the port of Anapoli and for a long time it remained practically uninhabited. The arrival of tourism has turned it into a charming town of resplendent little houses overlooking the sea.   

villa-de-loutro

The Beaches of Crete

Elafonissi Beach

Turquoise water beach with fine pink sand, it looks like the Caribbean. The remains of shells on the shore make the sand look pink. The water is better than in a swimming pool, crystal clear, shallow and calm despite the wind. It is famous for the aforementioned  pink sand and turquoise waters

elifosi

Matala Beach

It is located to the southwest of the Island. At the end of the 60s  became famous for welcoming the followers of the hippie movement. many dwelt  the caves built by the Romans as tombs centuries before. Now  it has become one of the most famous beaches in Crete. Surrounded by cliffs and caves, it has a unique landscape.

matala

Mirabello Bay

It is one of the main treasures of Crete. There you can enjoy some of the best beaches on the island. One of the best would undoubtedly be Voulisma by  crystalline waters. It is about a 20-minute drive from Agios Nikolaos.  If you want to arrive by bus, there are also several frequencies a day from Agios Nikolaos.

creta-playa-voulisma

Stavros Beach

near Chania,  It has gone from being a fishing village to a great tourist destination thanks to its spectacular beach. In addition to having fine sand and turquoise water, the most original is the landscape that surrounds it. To its  On one side stands a mountain famous for having appeared in the final scene of the film Zorba the Greek. It has all kinds of services: showers, lounge chairs and restaurants on the seafront.

creta-playa-stavros

Falassarna Beach

Another recommended stop to do in Crete, near Chania,  for beach lovers it is Falassarna. It is a set of five with  white sand that makes the blue color of the water look amazing. Thanks to their west-facing location, these beaches have great sunset views. Falassarna can be easily reached by bus from Chania or Kissamos.

creta-playa-falassarna

Seitan Beach Limania

This small cove 20 kilometers from Chania is a true paradise to see in Crete. It is considered a "cursed port" due to the large waves in the area. But the cliff perfectly protects from the waves  and the water is crystal clear, calm and with an ideal temperature. It can be reached by bus from Chania

seitan

beach and  Balos Lagoon

Balos beach and its lagoon, one of the most photographed destinations in Crete, is about 56km northwest of Chaniá , and 17km northwest of Kissamos. This beautiful lagoon is located between the Cape of Gramvousa and the small Cape of Tigali. Its incredible turquoise waters and its beautiful and exotic nature make it  one of the favorite destinations of tourists.

balos

gastronomy of  Crete

It is a very healthy cuisine, rich in vegetables and based on olive oil, also because Crete is the place with the most olive groves in all of Greece, given that the island produces up to 70% of all Greek oil. Some of the most traditional dishes are:

Mousakas: typical Greek dish that you can find in Crete also made of minced meat alternated with pieces of eggplant and potatoes.

 

Dakos: stale bread soaked in water, grated tomato, oil and Burgos type cheese.

 

Fava: broad beans beaten with onion and oil.

 

Agria Xorta: with various types of vegetables depending on the season, normally boiled and served with oil, salt and lemon.

 

Biftekia: kebab-type hamburger, flavored with garlic and mint.

 

Paidakia: lamb chops.

 

Gemista: tomatoes or  Rice Stuffed Peppers.

 

Kolokithoanthoi: pumpkin flowers stuffed with rice and herbs.

Horiatiki: Greek salad with tomatoes, cucumbers, green peppers, olives, onions and feta  with olive oil and oregano
In Crete you can also eat fish although its sea does not offer good fishing.

Reservá  los mejores Paseos y Tours por Creta

       Mykonos

Ancla 2

In Greek Μύκονος, Mýkonos, is a small island of Greece belonging to the archipelago of the Cyclades Islands , located in the waters of the Aegean Sea , between the islands of Tinos (to the northwest), Syros (to the west), Paros (to the southwest) and Naxos (to the south). Along with Delos and other smaller islands, it forms the peripheral unit of Mykonos, belonging to the periphery of the South Aegean .The capital and main city of the island is Chora or Hora. Among its main attractions are the beaches , the nightlife and being the closest island to Delos , one of the four main archaeological sites in Greece .

mykonos

How to get to Mykonos

Mykonos has an international airport that is 4 kilometers from the capital and two ports, one used for cruise ships and the other for ferries that connect it with Piraeus (Athens) and other islands in the Aegean Sea.

Plane: it is the most convenient and economical option to get there since  there are many direct flights arriving in Mykonos from the main European airports. Many low cost companies offer frequent flights and if you buy at least two months before you can find good prices.

Ship: from  Piraeus, the port of Athens and from Rafina, many ships arrive every day at Tourlos, the new port of Mykonos. The boat trip takes about 9 hours with the ferries and about 5 hours with fast boats. Therefore, it is preferable to choose the plane because it saves time and often money.

How to get around the city

Car rental  or motorcycle: it is the most recommended way to tour the island, especially if it is high season, renting  car  or a moped that can be purchased at any of the many rental companies located throughout the island.

Bus: There are two local bus stations: North Station  and  the south station.  In addition, a third bus line also passes through the port. Tickets can be bought at the station itself, supermarkets, tourist offices, newsstands or tobacco companies.

What to see in Mykonos

Port of Mykonos

The New Port  it is the port to which the large ferry boats and all cruise ships arrive without exception. It occupies an important area about 2 kilometers from Mykonos town. All the ships of the BLUE STAR company arrive and also the so-called HIGHSPEED of the HELLENIC SEAWAYS company, as well as any other ferry with a significant volume. The famous small fast ferry boats,  the SUPERJET, the SEAJET2 and the FLYINGCAT moor at the Old Port of Mykonos (in Chora or Mykonos town).

puerto-nuevo-de-mykonos

old town

It is one of the most popular places on this island, which stands out for its charming houses painted in  White. It is very cute  lose yourself in its haunted alleys, to discover the  fascinating corners and some of the most beautiful areas of the entire city and an ideal place to go shopping, as you will find everything from typical products to stores of the most recognized clothing brands worldwide.

barrio
barrio

Little Venice

Also known as Alefkandra  and through which every traveler ends up passing is one of the most photographed areas of the island. Its houses built practically on the sea stand out, as in Venice and hence its name, "Little Venice" and one of the best places to see the  sunset time.

barrio veneciano

Kato Milli Windmills

used in the past  to grind the grain of the island thanks to the winds of its coasts at present there is  a museum in which travelers are shown its great history. Being located in the upper area of Chora, they do not offer incredible views of the sea and one of the most beautiful sunsets on the island.

molinos

Church of Paraportiani

One of the oldest churches on the island, it stands out for its simplicity, curved lines and a white color that amazes thanks to its contrast with the blue of the sky, which changes depending on the light and the time of day. It was completed in the seventeenth century, is part of a group of 5 churches.

chapel

Kastro neighborhood

It is probably one of the most beautiful places not only in Greece, but in the world. narrow alleys with  Stunning white houses and colored windows make up this neighbourhood, where brand name stores mingle with charming restaurants and venues, in the network of small streets, such as Matogianni, Enoplon, Dynameon and Mitropoleos the main streets.  to go around

barrio de kastros

peter the pelican

One of the most famous inhabitants is the Pelican Petros, who arrived on the island in 1954 and after a fisherman treated his wounds, he never wanted to leave the island again, becoming one of the symbols of Mykonos. He died in 1986 and a German returned to bring another specimen in 1986 to continue the tradition.

petros

Anus Mera

It is the only town in the interior of the island and one of the essential things to do in Mykonos. Located just 7 kilometers from Chora, it is worth spending a couple of hours to get lost in its little streets, much quieter than those of Chora, and its huge central square, as well as eating in one of its most recommended restaurants.

ano-mera

Beaches of Mykonos

Paraga

It is probably one of the most visited since it is close to the capital, as well as being spacious and having parking. There is an area where there is a service of sun loungers and umbrellas and it is quite sheltered from the wind.

paraga

Paradise

It is located right next to Paraga and to which you can go by car or on foot along the coast, on a journey of about 700 meters, highly recommended for the views of the two beaches. They also have sun loungers and umbrellas. About 7 kilometers away is another  very nice beach called  Super Paradise

paradise-beach-mykonos
Panormos Beach

To the north of the island we find this wonderful beach. At the beginning of the beach there are lounge chairs  and a nice restaurant. arriving at  end, you will find that this  beach is wider and more comfortable.

panormos-mykonos
Agios Sostis beach

Also to the north of the island, just the beach that follows Panormos. Just as beautiful, with the plus that it is a totally virgin beach, it does not have any type of services, except for a tavern, called Quique, which is very famous and is located a little higher.

agios-sostis-beach-mykonos
Platys Gyalos Beach

A beautiful beach, but crowded. The favorite place for millionaires to anchor their wonderful yachts, being a super nice place to dine at night.

Platy-Gialos-mykonos

Delian Island

On this neighboring island, which politically belongs to Mykonos, is one of the best-known archaeological sites in Greece, which began to be developed around 2500 BC Since 1990 it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.  To reach  you must take a ferry from Chora.

isla-delos-mykonos

Archaeological remains of Delos

Several temples have been found, three of them dedicated to Apollo in front of the altar, which according to tradition he erected himself, and another to Artemis as well as other deities. The  Oikos of the Naxians,  the Monument of the Bulls and the Terrace of the Lions.

leones

Mount Cynthus

On the slope of this mountain on the island of Delos there is a majestic theater for 5,000 people. at the summit  there are the remains of a residence from the 3rd millennium BC, the House of the Dolphins, the House of Dionysus or the House of the Masks.

Delos_-Theatre

Gastronomy of Mykonos

The traditional mid-morning snack called  meze , includes different delicacies such as cheeses, sausages, olives and other specialties that are tasted accompanied by ouzo, a traditional Greek liqueur, with an aniseed flavor and strong gradation. Greek cuisine is fundamentally Mediterranean and is repeated in the Greek cities that were already mentioned, such as:

L to moussaka which is the traditional dish of Greece; It can be found in almost every restaurant. Is  a casserole prepared with aubergines  and other ingredients, which are arranged in layers like a vegetable lasagna.

The fish are found  in the restaurants located in the ports and in the stalls  of the beaches. The fried red mullet and the grilled and grilled fish are fresh and exquisite, seasoned with lemon and spices.

The meats that are part of different typical preparations: kleftiko or lamb roasted with lemon, gyros (roasted meat  accompanied by tatziki sauce), the souvlaki  (grilled lamb skewers).

The kopanisti, intensely spiced cheese with a strong aroma. Although this variety is made throughout the Cyclades, Mykonos' own is reputed to be the best.


Greek desserts cover a wide range of sweets, from baklava (honey sweet imported from Russian confectionery ), to the cream cake known by the name of ghalatoboureko. In Mykonos it is also possible to taste loukoumia, a dessert known in Europe as "Turkish delight", and loukoumades, a kind of sweet fried doughnuts bathed in honey syrup.

As for drinks, in addition to ouzo , it is possible  find other liquors that are tasted at the end  of meals, such as raki or tsipouro .  Among the most popular wines are the retsina (white or rosé wine, with an ancient tradition that owes its name to the custom of sealing the wooden barrels with pine resin, which gives it a very special intense aroma) and the wines of the Peloponnesus.

Santorini

Ancla 3

Located in the southern Aegean Sea, about 200 km southeast of the mainland  greek . It forms the southernmost group of islands in the  Cyclades , with an approximate area of about 73 km  It was devastated by a volcanic eruption in the 16th century BC. C., which shaped its rugged landscape. the houses built  in its 2 main cities, Fira and Oia, they cling to the cliffs above an underground crater. These have a view of the sea,  the small islands to the west and the beaches of white, red and black lava stones.

Reservá  los mejores Paseos y Tours por Mykonos

santorini

How to get to Santorini

Ferry: one of the most appropriate and  used to get to Santorini, whether from Athens or another island, is without a doubt the ferry . The most common routes are from Athens, Crete and Mykonos. There are two ferry options from Athens to Santorini: the conventional one takes around 6h to 8h and the high speed one takes between 4h to 5h.

Airplane:  there are flights to Santorini from Athens throughout the year, and international flights during the high season. considering also that the prices are usually very reasonable, not exceeding in many cases 50 euros per person. The companies that operate from Athens are: Aegean Air , Ryan Air and Volotea (only in high season).

How to move through the city

Car rental: it is without a doubt a success, since in this way you will be able to enjoy total freedom of schedules and movements.
Motorcycle or quadricycle :
  very widespread options in the Greek islands that can also be a very good alternative

Public bus: it is a very good option both for price and for the number of routes it covers. The only bad thing is that in high season, in places like Oía or Fira, you may have to wait a long time, since the buses tend to fill up very easily.

What to see in Santorini

Fair

Is  the capital, located  in the western part of the island, at one end of the crescent or volcanic caldera that the explosion cut in two. It is the main arrival point for tourists. Large ships cannot dock in the port of Fira and must anchor at a certain distance and  small boats bring passengers and their luggage ashore. Arriving at the port, some climb the steps by cable car, donkey or on foot, which involves a tiring 30-minute climb.

fira-1_edited.jpg

heard

Located in the extreme north of the island, it is one of the places that, with the beauty of the architecture of its houses, painted white and ocher, contrasts pleasantly with the arid towns of the interior. Considered  a place with the best sunsets in the world and the characteristic of  the two blue domes that are the most famous  and that dot the cliffs  make picturesque and romantic  as well as the old fishermen's houses carved into the rock.

oia

Castle of San Nicolas

or also called  Byzantine is another of the best-known points in Oía, especially at sunset, which you can access after crossing the network of small streets that seem to protect it from the crowds that usually form every day when sunset time arrives. Sun.

BIZANTINO

firostefani

Another of the most famous places in Santorini is the small village of Firostefani, located right next to Fira. Known for housing more affordable accommodation, it is also the place where you can see one of the most famous images of Santorini, the Agios Nikolaos Monastery in Imerovigli, with the volcano in the background.

firostefani-santorini

Akrotori

It is one of the most important Minoan Bronze Age settlements in the Aegean Sea and transports the visitor to ancient times, to an archaeological site that shows a civilization over 3,000 years old. It is known as the Greek Pompeii, since in it you can see the remains of the city, which was buried under the ashes after the eruption of the Santorini volcano.

akrotiri_santorini

volcanic islands

Santorini is a complex of volcanic islands, being  that one of these islands has an active volcano. To see it you can take the boat from the port of Athinios (for ferries and commercial boats) to the  Nea Kameni island. descend   and walk to the  almost volcano  1 hour on a path on a surface with tons of black rocks that  surround the trail. At some points you can feel the sulfurous heat of the underground steam holes.

volcan

Archeological Museum

It is close to the Fira bus terminal, and reveals treasures and the evolution of the ancient civilization of the Cyclades islands.

The museum is very small and yet interesting.

There are ceramics, beautiful paintings from the Akrotiri murals, and a golden goat statue.

museo-prehistorico-thera

To see the sunset

Watching the Santorini sunset, whether in Firostefani, Oia or any other town, is a wonderful sight. As the sun darkens and turns  on a small bright spot in the middle of the ocean, shades of gold, orange and amber appear painting the sky, and the white houses seem  lit like candles at sunset.

puesta-sol-oia-ia

beaches of  Santorini

red beach

This is the tourist beach  best known as well as being the most curious, for being red. Being the color of its red sand, like the wall that protects it, they make it a truly unique image that contrasts with the blue of its waters and that have made it one of the most visited places in Santorini.

playa-roja-santorini

Khataros

This small beach was located very close to Oía, approximately 2 kilometers away, it is a small beach of black volcanic sand, which despite its location so close to the busy Oía, does not usually receive many visitors, so it can be perfect for spending a afternoon or a few hours at the beach.

playa-kataros

Perissa

Or Black Beach  is a  black sand beach and one of its most famous beaches, as it receives a large volume of young people, who come to enjoy this area of the island with a very festive atmosphere.  There is a huge rock called Mesa Vouno that rises from the beach.

GRECIA SANTORINI

Kamari

It is 13 kilometers by car from Perissa, also black sand and panoramic  which can be a perfect option if you prefer to escape from the sometimes overcrowded Perissa. It is of an important natural beauty and a unique place being that  it is very well connected by public transport

playa-kamari

Vlychada Beach

It is a little less accessible than Red Beach but it is worth visiting. It is also located on the southern coast of Santorini, 13 kilometers from the capital. The most impressive are its carved cliffs. It is extensive, shallow and perfect to visit with the family.

playa-vlyhada

Amoudi Bay

It is located just below the cliff of Oia and there you can enjoy beautiful water.

To get there you will have to go down the 250 steps and walk about 10 minutes along the coast.

playa ammoudi

Monolithos Beach

This quieter beach is located in the east of the island, very close to the airport and Kamari beach.

Also, being calm and shallow, it is a great option for families.

playa monolithos

Agios Georgios

The best beaches in Santorini are located on the south coast of the island and this beach is no exception. It is located just east of Perissa. In fact, we could say that it is a continuation of the same beach. The sand is grayish in color and the water is quite clear.

agios-georgios

Cape Columbo

On a scenic level, it is one of the most beautiful. Has some  impressive cliffs.  The positive is that there are very few people. If you want to be calm on the beach it is one of the best beaches in Santorini to relax. The negative is that it is impossible to get there by public transport, only by car.

playa-koloumbo

Santorini gastronomy

The Gastronomy of Santorini is characterized by a great variety of flavors and also colors. Olive oil has an essential presence in the Greek national dish par excellence: It is similar to  that I inform in the link of  Athens. I rename them for reference.

Moussaka: meat dish with aubergines, cinnamon and red wine;

Tararmasalata: sauce with fish roe, bread, onion and lemon,

Keftedes: a kind of spicy meatballs  and the Tzatziki sauce   yogurt, olive oil, garlic and cucumber.

Feta cheese: white sheep's milk cheese;  it's fresh and a little sour

Dishes based on fish (sea bass, sea bream) and shellfish, especially octopus and squid.

Dolmades: stew with vine leaves.

Avgolemono: chicken, rice, eggs and lemon.

Desserts

Glika kouta liou:  fruits in syrup (glikothiki).  

Baklavas:  Baked puff pastry cake with almonds, honey and vanilla.

Loukoumades: puff pastry buns with honey and cinnamon.

Kourabiédes: almond cake flavored with aniseed Ouzo liqueur.

Moustalevria:  cake made with grape must.

Karidopita:  walnut cake bathed in brandy syrup.

As for the  coffee, it is "Turkish style", due to the influence of their culture and they are very strong and with a lot of sugar.

Reservá  los mejores Paseos y Tours por Santorini

        Atenas

Ancla 5

Capital de Grecia y la ciudad más grande del país. Es el centro principal de la vida económica, cultural y política griega. Su historia se extiende más de tres mil años, lo que la convierte en una de las ciudades habitadas más antiguas. Durante la época clásica de Grecia fue una poderosa ciudad estado que nació junto con el desarrollo de la navegación marítima del puerto de El Pireo y que tuvo un papel fundamental en el desarrollo de la democracia. También fue un centro cultural donde vivieron muchos de los grandes artistas, escritores y filósofos de la Antigüedad.

athens

Cómo llegar a Atenas desde el aeropuerto

Metro: es la forma más rápida de llegar al centro de la ciudad en la parada del metro línea 3 (color azul) . Además de ofrecer una buena frecuencia, horarios y precios demora sólo unos 45 minutos. Sale cada media hora desde las 6:30 de la mañana hasta las 23:30 de la noche.

Ómnibus: es la opción más económica aunque no siempre la más conveniente. La ventaja de utilizar el autobús para ir desde el Aeropuerto al centro de la ciudad o viceversa, es su horario. Los autobuses que hacen esta ruta funcionan las 24 horas del día. Hay 4 líneas que te llevan directo al centro (y viceversa) y puedes escoger la que más cerca te deje de tu alojamiento.

Tren: salen cada hora y el trayecto hasta Larissa (estación central de trenes)  tiene una duración de uno 50 minutos. EEl costo del billete cuesta igual al metro.

Taxi: siempre es la opción más cómoda pero es  más caro que las  mencionadas. Moverse en taxi es conveniente sobre todo de noche.

Transfer privado: Sin lugar a dudas, la forma más eficiente y segura para llegar hasta tu alojamiento contratándolo  con antelación; te esperan con un cartel con tu nombre en el área de llegadas, te llevan cómodamente a tu hotel y no importa  si no hablas griego ni inglés. El precio, además, es fijo.

Como moverse por la ciudad

Metro: El nuevo sistema de metro es del  2001, cuando empezó también la restauración de la vieja Línea 1. Tiene tres líneas que  recorren gran parte de la ciudad. Son indicadas por los colores Verde, Roja y Azul y pasan siempre por el centro de la ciudad Muchas de sus estaciones asemejan museos y exhiben artefactos encontrados durante las excavaciones del metro.

Tren: el tren de cercanías, llamado Proastiakos, es una nueva adición a la red ferroviaria de Atenas. La línea principal comienza en El Pireo, pasa por la estación central de tren de Larissis en Atenas y por el oeste de Neratziotissa hasta Kiato y Corinto, y al este hacia el aeropuerto.

Tranvía: las 3 líneas del nuevo tranvía de Atenas conecta el centro de la ciudad con los barrios del sur  y tiene conexiones con las líneas de metro.

Ómnibus: cuenta con una red de autobuses diesel, de gas natural y trolebuses eléctricos de la Organización de Transporte Urbano de Atenas. Con  frecuencias de cada 15 minutos están operativos desde las 05:00 hasta las 24:00 horas.

Taxi: son de color amarillos y no son demasiado caros. La tarifa de inicio es de 1€, y después, el taxímetro marca 0.34€/km (tarifa 1), o 0.64€/km (tarifa 2), siendo la tarifa mínima 2.65€. Solicítalos a agencias de viajes para evitar utilizar taxis piratas que puede convertirse en un peligro,  

Qué ver en Atenas

La Acrópolis

Está situada sobre una pequeña colina en el centro de la ciudad a más 150 metros de altura sobre el nivel del mar y en la parte superior de un gran promontorio rocoso de 140 metros de largo, por encima del valle de Illisson. Es el lugar más importante de Atenas y consiste en un conjunto de edificios históricos pertenecientes, en su mayoría, al llamado «Siglo de Pericles» (480 – 404 a. C.).

La mayoría de sus edificios como el imponente Partenón, fueron edificados durante la época de Pericles (del 499 a.C. al 429 a.C.). El recinto amurallado de la parte superior también incluye el templo de Atenea Niké, el Erecteion y los Propileos, obras maestras de la Grecia clásica. En la parte sur de la colina, además, puedes  visitar impresionantes construcciones como el Odeón de Herodes Ático o el Teatro de Dioniso.

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odeon de herocles

Museo de la Acrópolis

Justo a los pies de la colina de la Acrópolis se alza este amplio y moderno museo de tres plantas, inaugurado en 2009 que alberga algunos de los más importantes hallazgos realizados en las excavaciones en la colina de la Acrópolis y sus inmediaciones, algunos de hasta 2.500 años de antigüedad además de piezas que otros museos les han devuelto.

Se pueden ver desde las primeras piezas arcaicas encontradas hasta algunas de las obras de arte más preciadas de los principales templos, como el friso del Partenón o cinco de las Cariátides originales del Templo de  Erecteion.

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museo-acropolis-ruinas

Barrio de Plaka

Es conocido como “el barrio de los dioses”, seguramente porque es el más antiguo de Atenas habitado desde hace unos 7.000 años y que no ha sido modificado por las excavaciones.. Pero también muy posiblemente porque es uno de los pocos que conservan la esencia mediterránea de una ciudad en la que abundan los edificios de cemento. se caracteriza por sus callejuelas laberínticas y serpenteantes que recuerdan claramente al periodo de ocupación otomana. Además de recorrer la calle Adrianou, arteria principal de Plaka, o beber algo en la animada Plaza Filomousou Eterias, no hay que perderse la zona de Anafiotika, un pequeño y coqueto rincón del barrio con entidad propia y alma de pueblo y con sus pequeñas casas blancas y azules.

barrio de plaka
plaka

Monte Licabeto

Situado a casi 2 kilómetros del centro de Atenas, con sus 277 m, el Monte Lycabettus es el punto más alto y por lo tanto uno de los mejores miradores. Aunque la Acrópolis está algo lejos, las vistas al atardecer con el monumento iluminado, son realmente bellas.  La cima alberga la pequeña capilla ortodoxa de San Jorge Caballero, un restaurante y un teatro, entre otras cosas donde podrás gozar de una vista espectacular.

monte licabeto

Barrio de Monastiraki

Es un barrio adyacente a Plaka. Toma su nombre del antiguo monasterio ubicado en la Plaza Monastiraki, desde la que salen varias calles comerciales que recorren todo el centro histórico. Este barrio con influencias turcas tiene  lugares interesantes como  la Torre de los Vientos, la Biblioteca de Adriano, las mezquitas Fethiye y Tsistaráki, la Iglesia Pantánassa y el mercado al aire libre Pazari.

monastitaki

Ágora Romana

Construida por el emperador Augusto, entre los años 19 a.C. y 11 a.C. se convirtió en el centro de poder, reunión y negocios del Imperio Romano en la ciudad.
Situada cerca de la Ágora Antigua, esta gran plaza rectangular de 100 metros de largo, conserva los restos de varios edificios importantes como la magnífica Torre de los Vientos, la Puerta de Atenea Arquegetis y la Biblioteca de Adriano.

agora-romana

Ágora Antigua

Al  oeste de Monastiraki, y muy cerca del Ágora Romana, se encuentra el Ágora antigua o Ágora de Atenas, centro de la vida social, política, religiosa y económica en diferentes etapas de la historia de la ciudad. Fue el lugar de encuentro de los antiguos habitantes de la ciudad, en la que se mezclaba la actividad social y política con la comercial. Con cierto parecido al foro romano, en este recinto se encontraban desde edificios administrativos, mercados, templos hasta teatros y sus orígenes se remontan al año 600 a.C,  No  quedan en pie la mayoría de los edificios, pero hay al menos dos lugares a conocer,  el Hefestión, o Templo de Hefesto, y  la Estoa de Átalo, un pórtico del periodo helenístico (hacia mediados del s.II a.C.).

agora-antigua
estoa

Templo de Zeus Olímpico

Su construcción se inició en el 515 a.C. bajo el mandato de Pisístrato pero fue el emperador romano Adriano quien logró finalizarlo  por el 131 d.C. En su honor se construyó la enorme puerta de 20 metros de altura al lado del templo. Situado en la parte llana de Atenas,y a  500 metros de la Acrópolis  los restos de este templo todavía hoy impresionan. Se lo considera  el templo más grande de Grecia.

Temple_of_Olympian_Zeus

Plaza Syntagma

Su  nombre se refiere a la majestuosa fachada del Parlamento de Grecia en la base de la cual se encuentra el monumento al soldado desconocido un monumento militar de 1932 con el relieve de un soldado hoplita moribundo   custodiado por los «Evzones», guardias con el característico uniforme griego. Es muy interesante presenciar los  cambios de guardia que se suceden a cada hora.

plaza syntagma

Museo Arqueológico Nacional

Uno de los museos de historia antigua más importante del mundo. Con más de 11.000 obras de arte clasificadas en  antigüedades prehistóricas, esculturas, metales, vasijas, antigüedades egipcias y antigüedades chipriotas que van desde el neolítico al periodo romano. Entre tantas obras maestras podrás ver  la Máscara de Agamenón, una máscara funeraria de oro tallada hacia el 1.500 a.C.

museo-arqueologico-nacional

La Colina Filopapo o Filopappou

Tiene  147 metros de altura y es uno de los mejores miradores de la ciudad.El  nombre proviene del  monumento que se encuentra en la cima en honor al cónsul romano Cayo Julio Filopapo.
Si bien  la subida puede parecer difícil como hay mucha vegetación, te permitirá descansar en las sombras de los árboles.
Desde el  punto más alto  obtendrás unas fantásticas vistas de la Acrópolis y de la ciudad.

Colina_de_Filopapos

Estadio Panatenaico

El Estadio Panathinaikó, o Kallimármaro, es un estadio de atletismo cuyos orígenes se remontan al siglo VI a.C. y que estuvo destinado en sus inicios a albergar los Juegos de las Panateneas. En el año 140 d.C. Herodes Ático amplió y reconstruyó en mármol el viejo estadio de piedra caliza, dándole un aspecto y capacidad (50.000 espectadores) muy similar al actual. Fue remodelado  con motivo de los Juegos Olímpicos de Atenas 1896, los primeros de la historia moderna.

Mercado Central de Atenas

O Dimotiky o Kentriki Ágora situado entre las calles de Mitropoleos y Athinas y un poco alejado del centro, es uno de los más concurridos de la ciudad y un buen lugar para degustar productos gastronómicos locales. En este edificio neoclásico del siglo XIX, puedes encontrar los puestos de carne y pescado, en dos recintos separados y en el exterior y calles adyacentes encontrarás el mercado de frutas y verduras, puestos de aceitunas, especies, dulces y frutos secos.

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mercado-central-de-atenas

Gastronomía de Atenas

Gyros: grandes trozos de carnes de cerdo o de pollo que giran alrededor de un gran pincho metálico del que van cortando finas tiras para servirlo dentro de un cono de pan de pita (wrap), en plato o en brochetas (skewer), siempre acompañados de ensalada, salsa de yogurt e incluso patatas fritas.

Salata Joriátiki: ensalada de Tomates, pepinos, cebolla, pan y queso feta triturado con abundante aceite de oliva y el toque de orégano.

Yogur: autóctono de Grecia. Producto muy consumido por los habitantes.    De  una textura gruesa y mucho menos dulce de los que se conocen en otros países.

Es común mezclarlo con  frutas secas, chocolate  y sobre todo miel.

Mussaka: originario de Grecia, su preparación es muy similar a la lasaña italiana, pero en lugar de pasta, se utiliza la berenjena como ingrediente principal en una combinación que resulta deliciosa con carne molida de  cordero, tomate, cebolla, salsa blanca y aceite

Gemista: alimento muy común en Grecia. Se hace con  ají o pimiento o tomate relleno con arroz, papas o carne cocida. Como en toda Grecia, lo más destacado del plato es la especia.

Dolmadakia: tipo de cigarro elaborado con unas hojas de parra rellenas con una mezcla de arroz, carne picada y cebolla bien acompañado por varias especias y con salsa de huevo y limon

Spanakopita: o tiropita es la variante más conocida de tartas saladas. Es un tipo de pastel común en Grecia, pero varía mucho de una región a otra . Su relleno está hecho de espinacas, queso y aceite de oliva

Souvlaki: pan fugaza relleno de carne de cerdo, cordero, ternera o pollo  con trozos de cebolla, tomate y pimiento verde entre los bocados de carne. También se puede encontrar como brocheta, acompañado de papas fritas

Tzatziki: tipo de salsa griega cuyos ingredientes son yogurt griego,  pepino, jugo de limón, cebolla, ajo y aceite de oliva. , aunque muchas veces se le añaden otros ingredientes  Por lo general, se sirve como aperitivo y acompañando pan de trigo tipo figaza.

Pastourmá o Pastrami: embutido de carne de vaca que se seca al aire y muy sazonada con comino. Lo puedes encontrar como pequeño aperitivo, como sandwich o acompañando a platos como las habas.

Soutzoukakia: la versión de las albóndigas en Grecia. Pueden ser picantes y en su mayoría se hacen en salsa de tomate y a veces acompañan a la pasta o arroz.

Los Pescados: los más comunes son  los salmonetes (barbounia), el pargo (fagrí), la lubina (lithrini), los calamares fritos (kalamarakia tiganitá), el pulpo a la brasa (jtapodi sta kárvouna) y la langosta (astakós), servida sobre todo con pasta, plato riquísimo llamado astako makaronáda.

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salata joriatiki
starter-yogurt
Moussaka-musaca
Gemista
dolmaidas
spanakopita
souvl_eoft
tzatziki-griego
-pastrami
Soutzoukakia
Dorada-a-la-parrilla

Reservá  los mejores Paseos y Tours por Atenas

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