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People's Republic of China

The People's Republic of China  Nation  of East Asia whose vast landscapes encompass grasslands, deserts, mountains, lakes, rivers and more than 14,000 km of coastline. The country is divided into 22 provinces, 5 autonomous regions (such as Tibet), 4 municipalities under central jurisdiction (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macao). For many years, he has claimed the province of Taiwan as his own. It is a socialist country under the popular democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants.  China's political system is composed of the Communist Party of China, state organs, and the People's Political Consultative Conference.  

mapa de china

How to get

Plane: the gateways are usually Beijing or Hong Kong and  as well  Shanghai through the airports  Shanghai Pudong (PVG) which centralizes international flights and Shanghai HongQiao (SHA) which centralizes local flights (and some from Japan and South Korea). Among these destinations, perhaps the best option is Hong Kong because it is usually cheaper and has a longer visa. You can also travel to  Shanghai for the  Cebu-Pacific  which offers Low Cost flights to Beijing from other cities in Southeast Asia and from Osaka (Japan).

Ship: International cruises with final destination Beijing arrive at the port of Tianjin from all over Southeast Asia and, of course, also from Hong Kong.

train: the train  international from Hanoi leaving twice a week and arriving in Beijing, Pianxing, Nanning and Guilin. It is simpler but more expensive. there is another  option with a local night train to Lao Cai, cross the border there and take another  train or bus from Kunming to Hekou. A twice-weekly night train from Hanoi also runs here. But the most interesting is the popular and beautiful Trans-Siberian or Trans-Mongolian Train.  a journey of thousands of km and links cities such as Shanghai or Beijing with Lhasa, in Tibet.

How to get around the People's Republic of China

It has an important transportation system that varies greatly from one city to another.

Plane: China's extensive domestic flight network is covered by numerous regional carriers that fly to more than 150 airports. The main cities, Beijing, Nanjing, Chengdu, Tianjin, Chongqing, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Dalian, Guangzhou and Xian are very well connected with airports spread throughout the country.

Train:  It is an excellent way to explore the vast territory and learn about the life of the Chinese. The trains are punctual, fast, relatively safe and deserve every confidence. Since 2009, a high-speed rail network in China runs on major intercity routes.

Subway:  It allows you to move quickly through large cities. It is easy to use, but sometimes you have to walk a lot at stations with transfers. Many of the big metropolises have complex subway networks and it is the best way to get around, such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chengdu and Kunming.

Bus: the urban network (gonggong qiche) is extensive and cheap. However, they are usually so crowded that sometimes it is impossible to see anything through the windows.

Taxi: it is the most useful means of transport to move around cities that do not have a metro. They abound in every city, are often concentrated near train stations, and can be stopped on the street.

What to see in the People's Republic of China


Beijing (which literally means "capital of the North") is the  capital  of the  People's Republic of China  and one of the largest cities in the world with an area of 16,800 km² and more than 21 million inhabitants. Officially, it is known as the Beijing Municipality. The administrative division of this city is made up of 6 urban neighborhoods, which are those that make up the capital of China, 8 suburban neighborhoods that include dormitory cities and towns, and 2 counties far from the metropolitan area, which correspond to rural areas. It is an ideal city to discover the country and its population.  Is a  culture and history bubble  that will please everyone with its impressive imperial buildings. 

The Great Wall of China

Ancient Chinese fortification that was built in the 5th century BC with the aim of protecting the northern border of the Chinese Empire during the different dynasties that followed from the attacks of the Xiongnu nomads from Mongolia and Manchuria. It is estimated to be about 21,200 km long and stretches from the Korean border to the Gobi desert. Designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987, it is considered one of the  New Seven Wonders of the Modern World .

The prohibited city

Palace complex located in Beijing whose  construction dates from  early fifteenth century. For almost five centuries it has been the official residence in Beijing of the emperors of China and their Court as well as the ceremonial and political center of the Chinese Government. Today it is a tourist attraction that houses the Palace Museum. Because it is the largest set of ancient wooden structures in the world, it was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987 by UNESCO.

the temple of heaven

It is the largest temple of its kind in China. It was built around the year 1420 and was used by various dynasties (Ming and Qing) to worship crops and give thanks for the fruits obtained. It is located to the south of the city and is a group of buildings surrounded by an interior wall and an exterior wall.

Zhangjiajie National Park

It is the only national forest park located in the city of Zhangjiajie in the north of Hunan province in the People's Republic of China. It stands out for the mountainous formations in the form of columns; some exceed 1000 meters, which have been formed over time by erosion. It is also impressive for the vegetation that grows on top of the pillars in the form of trees and bushes, which give it an aspect of a landscape from another planet. To go up to the top and enjoy its viewpoints, you have several options: elevator, cable car or on foot.

Tiananmen Square

Or Gate of Heavenly Peace Square is a square located in Beijing, built and designed within the urban plan of the capital of China, with the creation of the People's Republic of China in 1949, becoming a symbol of the new China. It is one of the largest in the world, with an area of 440,000 square meters with some  dimensions of 880 by 500 meters. Over the years the square has been  scene of different historical events  among which the Protests of 1989 stand out, which ended with the death of hundreds of demonstrators and the declaration of Martial Law in Beijing.

Mao Zedong's mausoleum

Located in the center of Tiananmen Square, it is a  oversized funerary complex   flanked by statues representing peasants, students, workers and soldiers. Built to house the remains of the leader of the  communist party  and head of the  People's Republic of China, Mao Zedong who was  Chairman of the Communist Party of China from 1943 until his death in  1976 .   His remains are on constant display to the public.

The Terracotta Warriors of Xian

In 1974, farmers digging a well near the city of Xian accidentally discovered the Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum. This great emperor of China was buried with an army of more than 8,000 life-size terracotta figures in war formation, each with different facial features and body position. Today  the Xian's Terracotta Warriors are considered the Eighth Wonder of the World and are visited by millions of tourists every year.


Considered the economic capital of China, it is known as "the Paris of the East" and the  China's most populous  with more than 24 million inhabitants gathered in just 3,809 km. It is one of  the most developed cities in China that has quickly become cosmopolitan and wealthy thanks to its great  increase. It has many monuments among which stand out: The Torre de la Perla Oriental, which is a   telecommunications tower that stands in the Pudong neighborhood and  one of the tallest buildings in Asia with a height of 468 meters; Huxinting Tea House  bund what is   an area of buildings (emblematic of the European colonial stage) located on the banks of the Huangpu River, in front of the Pudong neighborhood and the City of Gods Temple,  core of the old city of Shanghai.


The city had a disproportionate economic boom since 1980, which makes it one of the  major cities in southern China.  Shenzhen is now like a miniature New York with its huge skyscrapers and no trace of historic buildings. Westerners will not feel as foreign as in other cities, but the culture and splendor that this place offers will make them forget the historical sites to focus on the immense  Shun Hing Square, one of the tallest towers in mainland China.


Or Guangzhou, is a sprawling port city northwest of Hong Kong on the Pearl River.  splendid for its  architectural mix between old and new  (temple, pagoda, illuminated tower)  the city also attracts many tourists and is enjoying an economic and cultural boom. The city boasts avant-garde architecture, such as Zaha Hadid's Canton Opera House (known as the "two stones"); the box-shaped carved Canton Museum;  the  canton tv tower skyscraper  shaped like a thin hourglass  the ancestral temple of the Chen family, a complex dating back to 1894  which also houses the Guangzhou Folk Art Museum.

Hong Kong

This administrative region, washed by the South China Sea, is culturally exceptional: art, education, sports, etc. It is made up of a peninsula and several islands located on the southern coast of the South China Sea. It has a population of more than 7.3 million inhabitants and ranks as the fourth most densely populated state in the world. The two special administrative regions of China, Macao and Hong Kong, apply the administrative model of " a  country, two systems ». It also gives an important place to religion through the various monuments such as  Chi Lin Nunnery, the Big Buddha statue, St. John's Cathedral and  the Taoist temple Wong Tai. The city has more than 110 buildings higher than 180 meters  As the  International Commerce Center , 118 floors; the  Two International Finance Center  of 88 floors, rising 416 m  or the  center square  of 78 floors, which has been the tallest building in the city for more than 10 years,


The capital  from the province of  Liaoning is a concentrate of  Chinese history  with several iconic landmarks like the Mukden Palace  which has its own "forbidden city", the tomb of Emperor Nurhachi or the huge Beiling Park, which also has imperial tombs. It is located on the banks of the Liao River and serves as the transportation and trade communication hub of Northeast China.  with Japan, Russia and Korea. But it is also a modern city and has all the technological advances in China due to its respectful urbanization with Chinese culture.


Located in the province of Guangdong, it is another of the great Chinese metropolises.  It is witness to the mixture of tradition and novelty that the great cities of China present, being important from the industrial point of view. In addition, it is one of the largest export cities in China, after Shenzhen, Shanghai and Suzhou. the gigantic  chan'an park  it is, for example, a beautiful place of natural landscapes, perfect for relaxing, surrounded by ancient pagodas that make you forget the air pollution of big cities. On the other hand, the buildings stretch as far as the eye can see and border the sea where the fountains sprout shows that water the great port. 


Built in 1404, it is a large city located in the northeast of the country on the banks of the Hai River as it flows into the Bohai Sea.  In terms of population, it is the fourth largest city after Shanghai, Beijing and Guangzhou with a population of more than 15 million.  This major port city is as much a place of innovation as it is of art.  The famous  peking opera  he also does shows in this city. Although Tianjin today offers the image of being a  Noisy and suffocating city due to pollution, it remains an important stop for the various possibilities it offers such as the temples, the Italian quarter, the "street of ancient culture" or the Tianjin Daily Building.


Located in  Hubei Province,  on the banks of the Blue River,  It is sometimes called the "Chicago of China" due to its key role in internal transportation and  it is full of interesting architectural resources. It is located at the confluence of the Yangtze River and the Han River. It has a population of more than  7 million inhabitants and with more than  10 million inhabitants if the metropolitan area is included. You will find several places and monuments that make it unique, such as the East Lake, the  Yellow Crane Tower ,  which is a historical tower that was built in the year 223 AD, although its current structure is from the year 1981,  the great bridge of Changjiang or the mountain of the turtle. 


Located in eastern China: It is called the "capital of the south" (as opposed to Beijing, the "capital of the north"). Likewise, this city is also known for being the “Capital of Education, Science, Culture, Art and Tourism”. During the Taiping Rebellion it was even known as the "Capital of Heaven". This city  full of history  it's a great place  to discover  many aspects of Chinese culture, from the mausoleums to the impressive bridges to the spiritual path that leads to the  Ming Xiaoling tomb  (the founder of the Ming Dynasty),  decorated with several statues of elephants in a  idyllic setting  and declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2000. The city also has  one of the largest museums in China, which allows tourists to learn more about the history of the country. This museum has more than 400,000 items in its permanent collection such as  the imperial porcelain collections of the Ming and Qing dynasties.

Gran muralla china
parque naciona zhangjiajie
plaza de tianamen
ciudad de CANTON


It is a city frozen in time in which the old part of the city retains its original appearance from the Ming and Qing dynasty times quite well. It is ideal to get lost in the historic center, wander aimlessly through alleys and old buildings, climb parts of the walls and towers with magnificent views, cross bridges and above all  tour the beautiful area of the Tuo Jiang River where you will see the picturesque wooden houses that are on the shore and that seem to hang over the river.


Great Buddha of Leshan

About two hours by bus from Chengdu is one of the most impressive monuments, the  Great Buddha of Leshan . A World Heritage Site, at 71 meters high, this stone statue of Buddha is the tallest in the world and was built during the Tang dynasty in the 8th century on a cliff by the river. It is carved into a cliff that is located at the confluence of the Min Jiang, Dadu and Qingyi rivers, in the southern part of China's Sichuan province, near the city of Leshan.


The  Tibet

Officially the  Tibet Autonomous Region  is one of the five  autonomous regions  what  make up the  People's Republic of China  (The autonomous regions are characterized by being associated with minority ethnic groups). Its capital is  Lhasa . It is located in  Central Asia , about a  plateau  with an average height of 4900  m asl  which is surrounded by the highest mountain ranges on Earth. The Western concept "Tibet" can refer to both the autonomous region of China and the historical Tibet consisting of the provinces of  amdo ,  Kham , and  Ü-Tsang . The majority language is  Tibetan . Tibet is home to the highest mountain in the world, Mount  Everest  (8848 m asl), bordering with  Nepalese . The  Central Tibetan Administration, also known as  Tibetan Government in Exile  It is a political organization that politically administers most of the  tibetan refugees  abroad. claim to have  sovereignty  and be the legitimate government of the current  Tibet Autonomous Region to end  that it be freed from the Chinese invasion or at least enjoy greater  autonomy  like the  Hong Kong  and  Macau , searching  preserve the  Tibetan culture.

tibet potala palace

Cuisine of the People's Republic of China

China has a deep food culture. Each region has a different cooking style such as roast duck, Beijing egg cakes, Shanghai steamed pork buns, Chinese dumplings and burgers, and rice noodles and  Guilin Grilled Skewers .

Wonton soup: small square sheets made of dough (with flour, eggs, water and salt) that are filled with vegetables, seafood, poultry, meat. The dough is introduced into a broth, usually made from chicken and some vegetables.  

Dim sum: the traditional includes  variety of steamed buns, which are small bites of dough and rice rolls and inside them different ingredients such as meat, chicken, pork, shrimp and even some vegetarian fillings.

Chop suey: recipe that includes meat, chicken, beef, shrimp or pork and is cooked in a wok with many vegetables such as celery and peppers, among others. In addition, soy sauce is added and it is usually served with white rice.

Chow mein:  Chinese sautéed egg-based noodles that are usually accompanied by vegetables and some protein such as meat or chicken. There are recipes that include fish and shellfish.

Zongzi: It consists of cooking rice, stuffing it and rolling it in bamboo leaves by steaming or boiling it.

Moon cake: round or rectangular with a lot seed paste filling; may contain duck egg yolks. It is usually accompanied by Chinese tea.  

Spring rolls:  kind of pasta made from rice flour and stuffed with different julienne-style chopped vegetables and some minced meat.

chop suey
sopa de wonton
pastel de luna

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